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Development of executive functions in children from Hong Kong and Germany

  • The current dissertation discusses the opportunities and challenges of cross-cultural research on children’s executive functions (EF). A systematic review was conducted to gain a nuanced understanding of similarities and distinctions across countries in children’s EF development. Previous studies indicate that young children from East Asia outperform counterparts from Europe and North America on EF tasks. This dissertation focuses specifically on EF performance of children from Hong Kong and Germany across early and middle childhood and examines if the previously reported East Asian advantage is also manifest in comparisons between children from these two contexts. Measurement invariance of direct assessment EF tasks across preschoolers from Hong Kong and Germany was tested. The findings suggest that EF measurement at preschool age is likely equivalent across the two contexts. Further, EF performance levels of primary school children from Hong Kong and Germany were contrasted. Contrary to the hypothesis and previous research, the results show no significant differences in EF performance between the children from the two contexts, suggesting that features specific to Hong Kong and Germany underlie this finding. In sum, the results provide evidence supporting the relevance of taking the cultural context into account when assessing EF across early and middle childhood.

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Metadaten
Author:Katharina Schirmbeck
URN:https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:gbv:hil2-opus4-13906
DOI:https://doi.org/10.25528/117
Referee:Claudia Mähler, Werner Greve
Advisor:Claudia Mähler
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Language:English
Year of Completion:2022
Granting Institution:Universität Hildesheim, Fachbereich I
Date of final exam:2022/05/12
Release Date:2022/07/20
Tag:executive functions, childhood, cross-cultural
Page Number:60
Institutes:Fachbereich I
DDC classes:100 Philosophie und Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung - Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitungen 4.0