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Modellierung und Analyse von Pulsformen akkretierender Röntgenpulsare : Hohle Akkretionssäulen

  • An X-ray pulsar is a highly magnetized neutron star with a main sequence star companion. The closeness of the stars in the binary system allows the neutron star to accrete matter from its companion. Gas approaches the star via an accretion disc, spiraling inward and following magnetic field lines onto the magnetic poles producing two X-ray hot spots. Due to the rotation of the neutron star the emission is observed pulsed. In the last few years the number of X-ray pulsar observations has risen. Although the observational data gained in quality there is still no comprehensive model that could explain both physical and geometrical properties of X-ray pulsars. In this work a model for a hollow accretion column is investigated in detail. The model includes reprocessing of radiation in the accretion stream, the generation of a halo on the neutron star surface as well as all relativistic effects. The intention of this thesis is to understand beam patterns of medium-luminosity X-ray pulsars better as well as to apply these findings to observed pulsars like Cen X-3 or A0535+26. For detailed analyses the beam pattern was divided up into the contributions of the halo outside the column, the halo inside the column, the column outside, the column inside, and reprocessing in the accretion stream. Through variations of physical parameters such as cyclotron energy, plasma velocity at the column boundary, width of the column, wall thickness and effective temperature of the inner column wall, their influence on the total beam pattern and on the individual contributions will be researched. In the scope of this work, beam patterns were calculated for the X-ray pulsars Cen X-3 and A0535+26. By means of variations of the parameters given above their beam patterns were approximated as well as possible.

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Author:Julia Schultz
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Year of Completion:2016
Granting Institution:Universität Hildesheim, Fachbereich IV
Date of final exam:2015/07/06
Release Date:2016/05/06
Page Number:243 S.
PPN:Link zum Katalog
DDC classes:500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 520 Astronomie, Kartografie
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung - Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitung 3.0