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Bones and Teeth: Information-Bearing Structures for the Reconstruction of Individual and Population-Specific Properties

  • Human skeletal remains are one of several find categories from archaeological sites. The skeleton constitutes only a small part of a former living organism that was exposed to a variety of environmental factors. As a highly adaptive mineralized tissue, bone – and to a lesser extent also teeth – stores information on an individual’s life. Reading out this information contributes to the historical understanding of individuals and societies from the past. However, obtaining this information can be challenging in many aspects, and, due to the very nature of the archaeological remains, the reconstructed picture of the individual and its society and environment will inevitably always be incomplete. In order to extract as much information from bones and teeth as possible, existing methods must be adapted to specific situations and the diagnostic approaches have to be developed beyond current limitations. The 17 international publications presented in this thesis are addressing the abovementioned goals. They cover a wide range of topics, mainly from the field of bioarchaeology, augmented by some studies on recent and fossil animal remains. The studies are organized in those dealing with metrical data, including sex determination methods and analysis of measurement error, the analysis of normal and abnormal conditions of bone, including paleopathological diagnostics, the impact of diagenetic agents on bone, and the presentation of cases where bioarchaeological analysis contributed to the understanding of the respective find situations. The methods applied in the studies cover a broad spectrum of approaches to study morphological properties of bones and teeth, including metrics, radiographic, and microscopic techniques.

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Author:Stefan Flohr
Document Type:Habilitation
Year of Completion:2022
Granting Institution:Universität Hildesheim, Fachbereich IV
Date of final exam:2021/11/24
Release Date:2022/09/08
Page Number:70
PPN:Link zum Katalog
Institutes:Fachbereich IV
DDC classes:300 Sozialwissenschaften / 300 Sozialwissenschaften, Soziologie, Anthropologie / 301 Soziologie, Anthropologie
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen 4.0